What is polycystic ovary syndrome and how it can be treated

What is polycystic ovary syndrome and how it can be treated
What is polycystic ovary syndrome and how it can be treated

At the onset, the symptoms are very mild, even unimaginable, but with the passing of the years, they become more acute. A woman suffering from this syndrome may have one or more of the following symptoms: • Predisposition to weight gain • Face and body • Fragile capillary ornament • Irregular menstrual cycle • Abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle, . In addition, most of the time, for women with SOP, menstruation occurs at intervals longer than usual, over 35 days, or may be completely absent (). However, over a third of the patients usually have abnormal periods, prolonged (7-10 days), sometimes even with intermenstrual bleeding. The causes that lead to this disease are not yet known, but researchers argue that genetic predisposition would be the main cause. Most of the time, women who have a family history of polycystic ovarian syndrome are at a higher risk of developing endocrine disorder.

On the other hand, including excess insulin affects the ovaries and can trigger this syndrome. Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas, which allows cells to use to provide energy to the body. Insulin in excess increases the level of androgen production, hormones that affect. Diagnosis is established following clinical and imaging investigations, such as pelvic ultrasound and ultrasound. It is preferable for the patient to perform an ultrasound scan with ultrasound because it allows visualization of changes in ovarian morphology, such as enlarged ovaries with large follicles.

Early diagnosis, treatment and weight loss can reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as heart disease. The main goals of the treatment prescribed by the doctor are: prevention and treatment of infertility, treatment of excessive acne and hair loss, and decrease in insulin resistance. Classic treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome can consist of birth control pills containing both estrogen and progesterone. They reduce the production of androgenic hormones and regulate the menstrual cycle. Sometimes, the doctor may also prescribe medications to stimulate ovulation, especially for women who want to get pregnant.

Source : sfatulmedicului.ro

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